About Me:

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Hello!

I am Mrs. Pérez. I am a future English teacher who wants to do her best at what she is good at. I currently live in Puerto Rico and the students that I teach are second language learners. I love teaching English as a Second Language. I enjoy using technology in the classroom.

In this module you will learn everything you need to know about prepositions.

1. Objectives:
A. Through the study of prepositions of place, the students will identify and apply them correctly.
B. Given enough information about prepositions of time, the student will identify them adequately.
C. After reading about the prepositions of direction, the student will identify them without mistake.
D. Finished the study of all three types of prepositions, the student will present a picture that portraits each one correctly.

2. Skills covered:
Parts of Speech/ Prepositions

3. Types of activities:
PowerPoint games and presentations, hot potatoes quizzes

4. Programs used:
PowerPoint, HotPotatoes

5. Standards applied:
Puerto Rico Stadnards of Education: The student applies the parts of speech.
National Education Technology Standards: Creativity and Innovation
Lo Ti Framework: Level 1 Awareness and Level 2 Exploration




Part I: Introduction


Welcome to the Prepositions Module!

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How much do you know about prepositions?
That is what we must find out first!

Pre-test

Instructions: Click on the link below to take the pre-test.





Part II: Content


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What are prepositions?
  • Preposition: what links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence.
  • A preposition usually indicates the temporal, spatial or logical relationship of its object to the rest of the sentence.

For example:
  1. Pam is running towards Bill.

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  2. The man runned across the bridge.

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  3. Liz went through the tunnel.

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There are three types of prepositions:
  • Prepositions of Time
  • Prepositions of Place
  • Prepositions of Movement

Download and read the following presentation for a general overview of prepositions.


Watch the following videos to help you understand each preposition:

Prepositions of Time Video

Prepositions of Place Video

Prepositions of Movement Video

Now, let's practice!

Practice Exercise I: Prepositions of Time
Cloze Exercise
Instructions: Fill in the blank with one of the prepositions provided.

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The best season is summer. [ ] (during, at, on) summer I can wake up [ ] (at, on, in) 10:00am because I do not have to go to school. [ ] (during, since, for) summer, I get to play all I want. I go to the beach [ ] (on, at, in) Sundays. I can also stay up [ ] (during, until, since) 11:00pm. I cannot wait for summer to be here!


Practice Exercise II: Prepositions of Place

Cloze Exercise
Instructions: Fill in the blank with one of the prepositions provided.

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My cat is very unpredictable. When I am watching TV he sits [ ] (on, over, above) the sofa with me. A few minutes later, he is staring at the fish [ ] (in, on, over) the tank. When I am eating, my cat is usually [ ] (over, under, above) the table. After finishing eating, I go to my bedroom and I find my cat [ ] (in, on, beside) my bed. When I woke up in the morning my cat sometimes scares me because he can be standing [ ] (under, above, in front) of me. This cat of mine will kill me of a heart attack one day!

Practice Exercise III: Prepositions of Movement

Cloze Exercise
Instructions: Fill in the blank with one of the prepositions provided.

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Flying a plane is a unique experience. You can fly [ ] (to, from, towards) the sun and never reach it. Soaring [ ](to, towards, through) never ending blue skies. The plane can fly [ ] (over, to, in) the clouds and disappear [ ] (into, under, towards) them. I will fly [ ] (over, under, across) the skies for ever.

Special Project

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Instructions: Post a picture of at least one preposition of each type and make a sentence with it. Underline the preposition in your sentence.

Example:

Preposition of Time:

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Today, I woke up at 10:10 am.

Preposition of Place:

external image sofacover.jpg

The dog is on the sofa.

Preposition of Movement:

external image ICE_train_tunnel.jpg

The train is heading towards the tunnel.

Now that you have seen an example, find your pictures and send them to me via e-mail in a Word Document.



Part III: Evaluation Information



Special Project Evaluation

25 points


Criteria
Yes
No
Score
Includes at least three prepositions, one for each type.


/5
Includes at least three pictures, one for each type of preposition.


/5
Includes a sentence explaining each picture.


/5
Underlines the preposition correctly.


/5
The prepositions is accurate with the picture.


/5



Part IV: Teacher’s Section

Puerto Rico Standards of Education


WRITING:
The student effectively communicates to a variety of audiences in all forms
of writing through the use of the writing process, proper grammar, and age-
appropriate expressive vocabulary.
The student:
W.7.2 Applies the parts of speech…


READING:
The student uses reading strategies, literary analysis, and critical thinking
skills to construct meaning and develop an understanding as well as an
appreciation of a variety of genres of both fiction and nonfiction.
The student:
R.7.2 Applies context clues, reference sources, and other vocabulary
expansion strategies to assess word meaning using prior knowledge to
relate to new meaning...

National Education Technology Standards
Creativity and Innovation
Students demonstrate creative thinking, construct knowledge, and develop innovative products and processes using technology. Students:
a. apply existing knowledge to generate new ideas, products, or processes.
b. create original works as a means of personal or group expression.

Lo Ti Framework
  • LoTi Level 1 - Awareness
    At a Level 1 (Awareness), the instructional focus emphasizes information dissemination to students (e.g., lectures, teacher-created multimedia presentations) and supports the lecture/discussion approach to teaching. Teacher questioning and/or student learning typically focuses on lower cognitive skill development (e.g., knowledge, comprehension).

    Digital tools and resources are either (1) used by the classroom teacher for classroom and/or curriculum management tasks (e.g., taking attendance, using grade book programs, accessing email, retrieving lesson plans from a curriculum management system or the Internet), (2) used by the classroom teacher to embellish or enhance teacher lectures or presentations (e.g., multimedia presentations), and/or (3) used by students (usually unrelated to classroom instructional priorities) as a reward for prior work completed in class.

  • LoTi Level 2 - Exploration
    At a Level 2 (Exploration) the instructional focus emphasizes content understanding and supports mastery learning and direct instruction. Teacher questioning and/or student learning focuses on lower levels of student cognitive processing (e.g., knowledge, comprehension) using the available digital assets.

    Digital tools and resources are used by students for extension activities, enrichment exercises, or information gathering assignments that generally reinforce lower cognitive skill development relating to the content under investigation. There is a pervasive use of student multimedia products, allowing students to present their content understanding in a digital format that may or may not reach beyond the classroom.


Credits and References

Pictures from: Google Pictures
Videos from Youtube.com from the following users: Elanguest, mesenglish and karitokritt
Other Resources and examples:
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/preposition_time.htm
http://www.clafoti.com/Imagenes/Time_Prepo/TIME_prepositions.htm
http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/prepositions-at-in-on-time.htm
http://www.lingolex.com/prepositions/prepositionsen.htm
http://www.inglestotal.com/prepositions-of-place-preposiciones-de-lugar-lesson-11/
http://www.english-4u.de/prep_of_place.htm
http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/prepositionmovement.htm
http://www.learnenglish.de/PictureIt/prepositionmovement.htm
http://linguaspectrum.com/lessons/language_lessons/prepositions%20of%20movement/